Your Arrangements details all of the different types of work activity that you do, all the types of hazard that may be encountered and how you will manage this.
Here are a few examples
Manual handling injuries can have serious implications for an employer & the person who has been injured. They can occur almost anywhere in the workplace & the risk is increased with heavy manual labour, awkward postures, repetitive movements of arms, legs & back or previous/existing injury.
Mechanical Lifting - LOLER
Lifting equipment includes any equipment used at work for lifting or lowering loads, including attachments used for anchoring, fixing or supporting it. Regulations cover a wide range of equipment including, cranes, forklift trucks, lifts, hoists, mobile elevating work platforms, & vehicle inspection platform hoists. The definition also includes lifting accessories such as chains, & slings.
Employers should plan for emergencies.
Quick & effective action may help to ease the situation & reduce the consequences.
People are more likely to respond reliably if they,
- are well trained & competent
- take part in regular & realistic practice
- have clearly agreed, recorded & rehearsed plans, actions & responsibilities
Harmful Substances - COSHH
Many materials or substances used or created at work could harm your health. These substances could be dusts, gases or fumes that you breathe in, or liquids, gels or powders that come into contact with your eyes or skin. There could also be harmful micro-organisms present that can cause infection, an allergic reaction or are toxic.
Harmful substances can be present in anything from paints & cleaners to flour dust, solder fume, blood or waste. Ill health caused by these substances used at work is preventable. Many substances can harm health but, used properly, they almost never do.
When employing a young person under the age of 18, whether for work, work experience, or as an apprentice, employers have the same responsibilities for their health, safety and welfare as they do for other employees.
For many young people the workplace will be a new environment & they will be unfamiliar with 'obvious' risks & the behaviour expected of them.
Young people might need additional support to allow them to carry out their work without putting themselves & others at risk, and this might mean more tailored training and closer supervision.
Employers are required by law to protect employees, & others, from harm.
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, say you must,
- identify hazards that could cause injury or illness
- look at risk by deciding how likely it may occur & how seriously
- take action to eliminate or control the hazard
Over 5000 accidents a year involve transport in the workplace.
The main causes of injury are people falling off vehicles, or being struck or crushed by them.
There is a legal duty to ensure that the health and safety of employees, contractors & members of the public are not put at risk as a result of the work they do.
Workplace transport is any activity involving vehicles used in a workplace. Vehicles driven on public roads are excluded, except where the vehicle is being loaded or unloaded on a public road adjacent to a workplace.
Fires need three things to start, a source of ignition (heat), a source of fuel (something that burns) & oxygen:
- sources of ignition include heaters, lighting, naked flames, electrical equipment, smokers' materials (cigarettes, matches etc), & anything else that can get very hot or cause sparks
- sources of fuel include wood, paper, plastic, rubber or foam, loose packaging materials, waste rubbish and furniture
- sources of oxygen include the air around us
PPE is equipment that will protect the user against health or safety risks at work. It can include items such as safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear & safety harnesses. It also includes respiratory protective equipment (RPE).
Incidents & Near Miss Reporting - RIDDOR
RIDDOR puts duties on employers, the self-employed & people in control of work premises to report certain serious workplace accidents, occupational diseases & specified dangerous occurrences (near misses).
Electricity can kill or severely injure people & cause damage to property.
Simple precautions when working with or near electricity & electrical equipment to significantly reduce the risk of injury to you, your workers & others around you.
An employer, must protect people from harm. including taking reasonable steps to protect your workers & others from coronavirus.
The risk assessment will identify what work activity or situations might cause transmission of the virus.
Some groups of people may be at more risk of being infected or an adverse outcome if infected.
- put in place social distancing measures
- stagger shifts
- provide additional handwashing facilities